Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ <p>This journal is published in collaboration with the German Society for Quality Research on Plant Foods and the Section Applied Botany of the German Botanical Society. It focuses on applied research in plant physiology and plant ecology, plant biotechnology, plant breeding and cultivation, phytomedicine, plant nutrition, plant stress and resistance, plant microbiology, plant analysis (including -omics techniques), and plant food chemistry.</p> en-US <p>From Volume 92 (2019) on, the content of the journal is licensed under the&nbsp;<a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License</a>. Any user is free to share and adapt (remix, transform, build upon) the content as long as the original publication is attributed (authors, title, year, journal, issue, pages) and any changes are labelled.</p> <p>The copyright of the published work remains with the authors. If you want to use published content beyond what the CC-BY license permits, please contact the corresponding author, whose contact information can be found on the last page of the respective article. In case you want to reproduce content from older issues (before CC BY applied), please contact the&nbsp;corresponding author to ask for permission.</p> ojs@julius-kuehn.de (Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality) heike.riegler@julius-kuehn.de (Heike Riegler) Fri, 19 Feb 2021 15:16:08 +0100 OJS 3.2.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Book Review - The Pomegranate – Botany, Production and Uses https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15700 <p>The pomegranate (<em>Punica granatum</em> L., family: Punicaceae) is one of the oldest known edible fruits and is associated with the ancient civilizations of the Middle East. This is the first comprehensive book covering the botany, production, processing, health and industrial uses of the pomegranate. The cultivation of this fruit for fresh consumption, juice production and medicinal purposes has expanded more than tenfold over the past 20 years. Presenting a review of pomegranate growing, from a scientific and horticultural perspective, this book provides information on how to increase yields and improve short- and medium-term grower profitability and sustainability. It covers: practices to mitigate pests, diseases and abiotic stresses; yield-based nutrition management; cultural practices for cultivars with horticultural traits such as earliness, high yield, improved taste, soft seeds, disease resistance, and low splitting and sunscald rates; increasing crop diversity to aid crop security; and composition, food uses and medicinal applications.</p> <p>This book provides a valuable support not only for farmers and for people involved in the pomegranate industry but it can be recommended without any reservation to plant breeders, plant physiologists, food technologists and chemists to obtain comprehensive information on the current state of knowledge of this important fruit species.</p> <p>The book starts by providing a detailed overview about archaeology, history and symbolism of pomegranate plants. Subsequent sections deal mainly with the taxonomy, propagation and breeding of pomegranates. Furthermore, the environmental requirements, different harvest methods, various plant diseases and their individual management, postharvest biology, optimal storage conditions and bioactive compounds are discussed in detail on a high scientific level. A number of scientific articles are listed in each annex of the 18 sections, allowing readers to obtain more detailed information on the individual topics.</p> <p>Ali Sarkhosh, Alimohammad M. Yavari, Zabihollah Zamani, The Pomegranate – Botany, Production and Uses, CAB International 2020, 578 pages including bibliographical references and index, price: 176,00 €, ISBN: 978-1-78924-076-4 (hardcover).</p> Hartwig Schulz Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15700 Mon, 01 Mar 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Assessment of the profile of free amino acids and reducing sugars of cacao beans from local Cameroonian Trinitario (SNK varieties) and Forastero (TIKO varieties) using fermentation-like incubation https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15632 <p><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 506.782px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.07345);">This study investigated the profile of cacao beans from the local </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 524.287px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.982709);">Cameroonian Trinitario (SNK) and Forastero (TIKO) in terms of </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 541.792px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.996523);">aroma precursors (amino acids and reducing sugars) through fermen</span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 559.297px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02178);">tation-like incubations. Treatments consisted of incubating beans in </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 576.802px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.943507);">acetic acid, 100 mmol/L for two days followed by 200 mmol/L of </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 594.307px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.990665);">acetic acid for three days (Treatment T1) and in 100 mmol/L of lactic </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 611.812px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.931754);">acid for two days followed by 200 mmol/L of acetic acid for three </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 629.317px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01799);">days (Treatment T2). Both treatments resulted in an increase of free </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 646.822px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03195);">amino acids content by 1.5 - 2.5 times in SNK and TIKO varieties. </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 664.327px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.987007);">The ratio of the hydrophobic amino acids over the rest of amino acids </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 681.832px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.965872);">showed the preponderance of T1 on the hydrophobic amino acids </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 699.337px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.965103);">released in TIKO while in the SNK, some varieties displayed the </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 716.842px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01748);">highest ratio in T2. Glucose and fructose content in TIKO and SNK </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 734.347px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.954018);">beans increased 2 to 3 times during incubation. Galactose and raf</span><span style="left: 479.256px; top: 734.347px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif;">-</span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 751.852px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0134);">finose were found in unfermented beans. After incubation, raffinose </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 769.357px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.993353);">was missing while at the same time a raise of galactose content could </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 786.862px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00552);">be seen. These results highlighted that acidification remains the </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 804.367px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.958435);">factor inducing the releasing of free hydrophobic amino acids, the </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 821.872px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.998671);">genotype being less involved.</span></p> Nicolas Niemenak, Victor Jos Eyamo Evina, Astride Stéphanie Djabou Mouafi, Audrey Germaine Tchouatcheu Ngouambe, Clemens Bernhardt, Reinhard Lieberei, Bernward Bisping Copyright (c) 2021 The Author(s) https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15632 Mon, 01 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0100 Book Review: Strawberries (2nd Edition) https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15582 <p>This new and updated edition provides a broad, balanced review of the scientific knowledge of strawberries and their cultivation. The worldwide strawberry industry has grown substantially since the first edition was published 20 years ago. Furthermore, methods of cultivation have undergone extensive modifications. Important changes have been made to the taxonomy of strawberries and there is a much better understanding today of how its ancestors evolved. New disease and pest control methods have been developed and a large amount of genomic information has been generated. This information has greatly broadened our knowledge of how flowering and fruiting is regulated and will revolutionize the breeding of strawberries.</p> <p>This book covers various important aspects from taxonomy, ecology, morphology and genetics to environmental physiology, disease and pest control, fruit ripening, storage and processing.&nbsp;</p> <p>Drawing on extensive research and practical experience, the author provides in 8 chapters a thorough review of the evolution of strawberries (chapter 1) and the history of strawberry cultivation (chapter 3). Chapter 3 and 4 summarize the major cultivation systems employed across the world and describe the physiology behind these practices. <br>Chapter 5 addresses strawberry anatomy and developmental physiology including temperature and photoperiod control of flowering. Chapter 6 highlights research work on the fruiting and postharvest physiology. Chapter 7 deals with the diseases and pests of strawberry and describes the individual consequences that came up with the abandonment of methyl bromide.</p> <p>The last chapter reviews strawberry breeding and genetic research, an area where tremendous progress continues to be made. Particularly in Mediterranean and other sub-tropical environments breeding activities increased dramatically over the last two decades. It is reported that strawberry breeders have begun to widely use molecular approaches in their programs including also marker-assisted and genomic selection.</p> <p>This book provides an excellent, concise overview of strawberries and their cultivation and can be therefore recommended without any reservation as an exciting and instructive information to a broad range of readers. Not only does it provide valuable support to students of horticulture and various professional groups such as plant breeders, strawberry farmers, plant physiologists, food technologists and chemists, but it also provides an excellent opportunity for interested laypeople to obtain comprehensive information on the current state of knowledge of strawberry science and cultivation. A number of scientific articles are listed in each annex of the 8 chapters, allowing readers to obtain more detailed information on the individual topics.</p> <p>Bibliography:</p> <p>James F. Hancock, Strawberries 2<sup>nd</sup> edition, CAB International 2020, 275 pages includes bibliographical references and index, price: 53,29 €, ISBN-13: 9781789242270 (hardback), ISBN 9781789242287 (ePDF), ISBN 9781789242294 (ePub)</p> Hartwig Schulz Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s) https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15582 Fri, 20 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Book Review: The Papaya – Botany, Production and Uses https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15581 <p>Papaya (<em>Carica papaya </em>L<em>.)</em> is well known as the third most widely produced tropical fruit worldwide after mango and pineapple. The global papaya production has grown significantly over the last few years, mainly as a result of increased production in India. Global sharing of information on papaya was advanced by the 1<sup>st</sup> International Papaya Symposium held at Genting Highlands, Malaysia, in 2005. This congress has been followed by regular symposia every 4 years in different papaya-producing countries. Since more than 100 years, numerous articles related to production and use of papaya fruits have been published in various scientific and popular journals. However, a comprehensive review that summarised these long-standing research results and findings in a suitable form has been lacking until now. So, it is a very important step that this first comprehensive book authorized by an international team of experts at the forefront of research covering all important aspects of botany, biotechnology, production, postharvest physiology and processing, is now available.</p> <p>The book starts by providing a detailed overview about the origin, history, valuable ingredients and processing of papaya fruits. Subsequent sections deal mainly with the taxonomy, propagation and breeding of papayas. Further on, the fruit formation, the ripening process, various plant diseases, greenhouse cultivation, optimal storage conditions and quality characteristics are discussed in detail on a high scientific level. As mentioned by the authors, today analysis of the papaya genome promises new, faster breeding techniques to obtain improved cultivars. These and other advances are helping to tackle diseases like papaya ring spot viruses and major pests which still cause significant losses.</p> <p>This book can be recommended without any reservation as an exciting and instructive information to a broad range of readers. Not only does it provide valuable support to professional groups such as plant breeders, farmers, plant physiologists, food technologists and chemists, but it also provides an excellent opportunity for interested laypeople to obtain comprehensive information on the current state of knowledge of this important tropical fruit. A number of scientific articles are listed in each annex of the 16 sections, allowing readers to obtain more detailed information on the individual topics.</p> <p>Bibliography:</p> <p>Sisir Mitra, The Papaya – Botany, Production and Uses, CAB International 2020, 269 pages includes bibliographical references and index, price: 113,27 €, ISBN-13: 9781789241907 (hardback), ISBN 9781789241914 (ePDF), ISBN 9781789241921 (ePub)</p> Hartwig Schulz Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s) https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15581 Fri, 20 Nov 2020 00:00:00 +0100 Reinhard Lieberei − Die Gabe, vernetzt zu denken https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15543 <p><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 337.297px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0342);">Ausstellungen universitärer Museen verkörpern eine wissenschaft</span><span style="left: 479.256px; top: 337.297px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif;">-</span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 354.922px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.01211);">lich-kuratorische Transferleistung, die mehr ist als ein „Übersetzen“ </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 372.547px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.0259);">oder „Vereinfachen“ akademischen Wissens. Reinhard Lieberei hat </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 390.172px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02714);">das Loki Schmidt Haus, das Museum für Nutzpflanzen der Univer</span><span style="left: 479.256px; top: 390.172px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif;">-</span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 407.797px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00519);">sität Hamburg von der Neukonzeption an begleitet und systemisches </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 425.422px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.02954);">Denken in den Museumsalltag eingeführt. Er erkannte in den mög-</span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 443.047px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.991176);">lichen Lesarten von Ausstellungen Ansatzpunkte für Wissenstransfer. </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 460.672px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.04218);">Sein Vertrauen darauf, Studierende früh in den wissenschaftlichen </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 478.297px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(0.992975);">Dialog einzubinden und an die eigenständige Entwicklung von Kom</span><span style="left: 479.256px; top: 478.297px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif;">-</span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 495.922px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.03347);">munikationsformaten heranzuführen, hat die Basis und den Impuls </span><span style="left: 70.8662px; top: 513.547px; font-size: 15px; font-family: serif; transform: scaleX(1.00506);">für neue Herangehensweisen in der Lehre gegeben.</span></p> Petra Schwarz Copyright (c) 2020 The Author(s) https://ojs.openagrar.de/index.php/JABFQ/article/view/15543 Thu, 10 Dec 2020 00:00:00 +0100