Effectiveness of flameless catalytic infrared radiation against life stages of three stored-product insect species in stored wheat

  • M. Khamis Department of Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.
  • B. Subramanyam Department of Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA. Email: sbhadrir@k-state.edu
  • H. Dogan Department of Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA
  • P. W. Flinn USDA-ARS, Center for Grain and Animal Health Research, Manhattan, KS 66502, USA
  • J. A. Gwirtz Department of Grain Science and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA

Abstract

A bench top flameless catalytic infrared emitter was evaluated in the laboratory to disinfest wheat containing different life stages (ages) of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica; rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae; and red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. The emitter produces infrared in the 3 to 7 um range. A noncontact infrared thermometer obtained real-time grain temperatures during exposures of uninfested and infested wheat containing various life stages of the three insect species. The grain temperatures attained were influenced by wheat quantity, distance from the emitter, and exposure time, which in turn influenced effectiveness against various life stages of the three species. In general, higher grain temperatures were attained in 113.5 g of wheat as opposed to 227.0 g, at 8.0 cm from the emitter surface rather than at 12.7 cm, and during a 60-sec exposure compared to a 45-sec exposure. Logistic regression indicated the probability of death of various life stages of R.  dominica, S. oryzae, and T. castaneum was temperature-dependent. About 99 to 100% mortality of all life stages of the three species occurred when the mean wheat temperatures were in the range of 108 to 114°C. The promising results show flameless catalytic infrared technology to be a viable option for disinfestation of stored wheat, provided such high temperatures do not affect grain quality.

Keywords: Infrared radiation, Stored-product insects, Non-chemical method, Efficacy assessment
Veröffentlicht
2010-09-02