Description of the Vitis vinifera L. phenotypic variability in eno-carpological traits by a Euro-Asiatic collaborative network among ampelographic collections

  • L. Rustioni Università degli Studi di Milano, DISAA – Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Milano, Italy
  • G. Cola Università degli Studi di Milano, DISAA – Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Milano, Italy
  • D. Maghradze Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Oenology, Agricultural University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • E. Abashidze Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Oenology, Agricultural University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • A. Argiriou Institute of Applied Biosciences, Centre for Research and Technology, Hellas, Greece
  • R. Aroutiounian Armenian Academy of Viticulture, Wine-making and Fruit-growing NGO, Yerevan, Armenia
  • J. Brazão Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária, Quinta da Almoinha, Dois Portos, Portugal
  • R. Chipashvili Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Oenology, Agricultural University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • M. Cocco Dipartimento di Agraria, Università di Sassari, Sassari, Italy
  • V. Cornea Research and Practical Institute for Horticulture and Food Technologies, Department of Grapevine Genetic Resources and Breeding, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
  • L. Dejeu University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Bucharest, Faculty of Horticulture, Bucharest, Romania
  • J. E. Eiras-Dias Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária, Quinta da Almoinha, Dois Portos, Portugal
  • S. Goryslavets National Research Institute of Viticulture and Oenology "Magarach", Yalta, Crimea
  • J. Ibáñez Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC, Universidad de La Rioja, Gobierno de La Rioja), Logroño, Spain
  • L. Kocsis University of Pannonia, Department of Horticultura, Georgikon Faculty, Keszthely, Hungary
  • F. Lorenzini Station de Recherche, Agroscope, Changins, Suisse
  • E. Maletic University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Viticulture and Enology, Centre of Excellence for Biodiversity and Molecular Plant Breeding, Zagreb, Croatia
  • L. Mamasakhlisashvili LEPL Scientific - Research Center of Agriculture, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • K. Margaryan Armenian Academy of Viticulture, Wine-making and Fruit-growing NGO, Yerevan, Armenia
  • E. Maul Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Institut für Rebenzüchtung Geilweilerhof, Siebeldingen, Germany
  • I. Mdinaradze Institute of Horticulture, Viticulture and Oenology, Agricultural University of Georgia, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • G. Melyan Armenian Academy of Viticulture, Wine-making and Fruit-growing NGO, Yerevan, Armenia
  • S. Michailidou Institute of Applied Biosciences, Centre for Research and Technology, Hellas, Greece
  • D. Molitor LIST - Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology, Environmental Research and Innovation (ERIN) Department, Belvaux, Luxembourg
  • M. I. Montemayor Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC, Universidad de La Rioja, Gobierno de La Rioja), Logroño, Spain
  • G. Muñoz Organero Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDRA), Alcalá de Henares, Spain
  • A. Nebish Armenian Academy of Viticulture, Wine-making and Fruit-growing NGO, Yerevan, Armenia
  • G. Németh University of Pannonia, Department of Horticultura, Georgikon Faculty, Keszthely, Hungary
  • N. Nikolaou Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Faculty of Agriculture, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • C. F. Popescu National Research and Development Institute for Biotechnology in Horticulture, Stefanesti-Arges, Romania
  • D. Preiner University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Viticulture and Enology, Centre of Excellence for Biodiversity and Molecular Plant Breeding, Zagreb, Croatia
  • S. Raimondi Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante, Torino, Italy
  • V. Risovannaya National Research Institute of Viticulture and Oenology "Magarach", Yalta, Crimea
  • G. Savin Research and Practical Institute for Horticulture and Food Technologies, Department of Grapevine Genetic Resources and Breeding, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
  • S. Savvides Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture Rural Development and Environment, Nicosia, Cyprus
  • A. Schneider Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante, Torino, Italy
  • F. Schwander Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI), Institut für Rebenzüchtung Geilweilerhof, Siebeldingen, Germany
  • J. L. Spring Station de Recherche, Agroscope, Changins, Suisse
  • L. Ujmajuridze LEPL Scientific - Research Center of Agriculture, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • E. Zioziou Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Faculty of Agriculture, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • O. Failla Università degli Studi di Milano, DISAA – Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie e Ambientali, Milano, Italy
  • R. Bacilieri UMR1334 AGAP - INRA, Univ. Montpellier, CIRAD, SupAgro, Montpellier, France
Keywords: Phenotyping; cultivars; morphology; phenolics; grape quality

Abstract

The grapevine intra-specific variability captured an increasing interest during the last decades, as demonstrated by the number of recently funded European projects focused on the grapevine biodiversity preservation. However, nowadays, crop plants are mainly characterized by genotyping methods. The present work summarizes the phenotype data collected among 20 ampelographic collections spread in 15 countries, covering mostly of the viticultural areas in the Euro-Asiatic range: from Portugal to Armenia and from Cyprus to Luxembourg. Together with agro-climatic characterization of the experimental site, in two years, about 2400 accessions were described, following a common experimental protocol mainly focused on the carpological and oenological traits, obtaining a general overview of the distribution of the considered phenotypic traits in the cultivated Vitis vinifera species. The most replicated cultivars were selected and, for the subset of these reference cultivars, their behavior in the different environmental conditions over sites and years was described by ANOVA methods.

Published
2019-01-28
Section
Article