Susceptibility of <i>Vitis vinifera</i> 'Semillon' and 'Chardonnay' to the root-knot nematode <i>Meloidogyne javanica</i>
A study to assess the effect of the initial population (Pi) densities (0, 200, 400, 600 and 800 second stage juveniles (J2) kg-1 dry soil) of the root knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica, on the growth, yield and juice characteristics of two white wine grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cvs. 'Semillon' and 'Chardonnay' was conducted in a vineyard located at the Centre for Irrigated Agriculture, Riverina, NSW, Australia. M. javanica J2 population densities in soil after harvest during 2004-2008 growing seasons increased gradually, year by year, and in most cases were higher where the initial densities were higher. Regression analysis revealed that yield, in general, was reduced significantly with the increase of the nematode population densities·kg-1 soil for both cultivars. After six years, the nematode population had increased by ca. 9.0-22.4 fold for 'Semillon' and 6.7-18.5 fold for 'Chardonnay'. All Pi densities significantly reduced Semillon yields in all years but only the highest level (800 J2·kg-1 dry soil) affected 'Chardonnay' yields. At the end of the experiment, M. javanica decreased yields by 15-20 % in Semillon but only 7-13 % in 'Chardonnay'. The nematode inoculation also caused a decrease in bunch numbers in 'Semillon' but not in 'Chardonnay'. This is the first study showing that 'Chardonnay' is less susceptible to M. javanica than 'Semillon'.
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