Biometric traits of <i>Xylotrechus arvicola</i> adults from laboratory and grape fields
Xylotrechus arvicola is a pest in vineyards on the Iberian Peninsula. The action of the larvae, associated to the spread of wood fungi, causes a direct and indirect damage in the crop. This article presents biometric traits of X. arvicola population adults captured in three grape fields with Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) from the Iberian Peninsula and one population of this beetle obtained in the laboratory. The aim of the study was to observe the influence of sex and environment on the size of adults. The adults showed intersexual differences for the length and width of the pronotum, the length and width of the elytra and total length. The wild females were larger than wild males and the males from grape fields were slender than wild females. The environment affected the size of the adults. The laboratory adults reached the greatest body size. The size of the adult reflects the volume of material that had been used as host where the insect had developed. The captured adults in PDO Toro, with Bush Vines Training System (BVTS) were larger than the other PDOs, leading to bigger galleries and exit holes, which could affect the structural resistance of the plant and increase pathogenic fungi infection. However, BVTS facilitates the renovation of attacked branches, which is more difficult and slower in the Bilateral Cordon Training System (BCTS).
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