Leaf respiration in grapevine (Vitis vinifera 'Chasselas') in relation to environmental and plant factors


  • V. Zufferey Agroscope, Institut des Sciences en production végétale IPV, Pully, Switzerland




leaf dark respiration, leaf temperature, leaf age, phenology, grapevine


The leaf respiration (RD) of grapevine (Vitis vinifera 'Chasselas') was measured under field conditions during the growing season in leaves of different physiological ages in relation to the temperature and plant water status. RD increased with the temperature and was particularly high in young growing leaves on primary and lateral shoots. The RD response to the temperature evolved over the season according to the type and age of the leaves and their phenology. Leaf aging (senescence) induced a decrease in RD at the end of the season. At constant temperatures (20 °C), the highest RD rates were measured during the rapid plant growth phase (the Q10 values were also the highest), and they progressively decreased to reach their lowest rates at the end of the growing season. The lowest RD values were measured on leaves that were inserted opposite the clusters of primary shoots at any period during the season. Water stress led to a reduction in RD, especially when the leaf temperature was above 20 °C. The nocturnal RD evolution showed that the RD rates were greatest at nightfall when the nocturnal temperatures were still high and leaf carbohydrate availability was at its highest; the rates gradually decreased to reach the lowest RD values just before dawn.