Wild grapevine (<i>Vitis vinifera</i> var. <i>silvestris</i>) in Italy: Distribution, characteristics and germplasm preservation-1989 report
AbstractResearch on the distribution and characteristics of wild grapevines (Vitis vinifera var. silvestris) in Italy was started whose main goals are:
- the preservation of the germplasm by setting up plant collections;
- the furthering of biological knowledge about this plant;
- the study of relations between wild and cultivated grapevines by means of chemotaxonomic techniques;
- the assessment of the possibility of using wild plants for genetic improvement of grapevines.
- 221 sites in 15 out of the 20 Italian regions have been indicated as possible locations in which wild grapevines grow. So far, 49 of these sites have been inspected. The greatest number of individuals were found in central Italy. This population is dioecious (male/female = 1.8) with few (2.0 %) hermaphrodite examples.
- The leaves of the Italian wild grapevines generally have 3 lobes (57 %), but 5 to 7-lobe (36%) and non-lobed (8.9 %) plants exist. Lower variability exists with regard to leaf shape. The study of seed morphology has classified the plants into three groupe, one of which is very numerous.
- Two germplasm collections have been established with approximately 400 vines.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The content of VITIS is published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Any user is free to share and adapt (remix, transform, build upon) the content as long as the original publication is attributed (authors, title, year, journal, issue, pages) and any changes to the original are clearly labeled. We do not prohibit or charge a fee for reuse of published content. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in any publication herein, even if not specifically indicated, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. The submitting author agrees to these terms on behalf of all co-authors when submitting a manuscript. Please be aware that this license cannot be revoked. All authors retain the copyright on their work and are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements.