Weather effects of stalk necrosis in <i>Vitis</i>
AbstractA 5-step physiological explanation is offered for correlations found by THEILER and MÜLLER (1986) between aspects of the weather at flowering and the incidence of stalk necrosis in grape. Four of the steps are well supported in the literature and are discussed briefly.
The other step proposes that the development of xylem in the peduncle is stimulated by floral evapotranspiration. This postulate is tested with measurements of xylem cross-sectional area in clusters taken from vineyards located in diverse regions of New Zealand for which meteorological data were available. Statistical analysis indicates a clear distinction between material from the climatic extremes and a significant (P = 0.05) correlation between calculated values of evapotranspiration during flowering and peduncular xylem area.
The beginning of a physiological explanation for the seasonal effects on the incidence of stalk necrosis in grape has stimulated studies which may allow the selection of non-sensitive varieties.
Copyright (c) 2015 A. Lang, H. Düring
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The content of VITIS is published under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license. Any user is free to share and adapt (remix, transform, build upon) the content as long as the original publication is attributed (authors, title, year, journal, issue, pages) and any changes to the original are clearly labeled. We do not prohibit or charge a fee for reuse of published content. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in any publication herein, even if not specifically indicated, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations. The submitting author agrees to these terms on behalf of all co-authors when submitting a manuscript. Please be aware that this license cannot be revoked. All authors retain the copyright on their work and are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements.