Evaluation of photosensitive films for light measurements in the fruiting zone of grapevine canopies

  • A. Bontempo Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
  • J. Smith Hochschule Geisenheim University, Department of General & Organic Viticulture, Geisenheim, Germany
  • M. Brandt Hochschule Geisenheim University, Department of General & Organic Viticulture, Geisenheim, Germany
  • E. Peterlunger Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
  • M. Stoll Hochschule Geisenheim University, Department of General & Organic Viticulture, Geisenheim, Germany
Keywords: light interception; microclimate; solar radiation; training system; light sensitive dyes.

Abstract

The potential influence of fruit exposure and canopy manipulations on grape berry composition is well recognized. However, a simple and low cost method for quantifying the amount of light reaching the fruiting zone is lacking. The objective of the present study was to test the application of a commercial system of photosensitive azo-dye coated plastic films for characterizing light conditions within grapevine canopies. The fading rates of three films of differing light sensitivity were initially monitored in a fully exposed position, and these all showed a linear or near linear relationship with radiation measured by an adjacent global solar radiation sensor. When mounted in the fruiting zone of a vertically trained cool climate 'Riesling' vineyard for two periods following early and late leaf removal treatments, the films were able to quantify the change in light exposure within the fruiting zone. Total radiation values calculated using an on-site calibration or manufacturer´s equation were comparable. While some consideration is needed with regard to the choice of film sensitivity and positioning within the canopy, these initial evaluations suggest these light sensitive films can provide a simple and accurate method for characterizing light conditions and quantifying cumulative radiation within the fruiting zone.

Published
2018-10-11
Section
Article