Salicylic acid alleviates chilling injury in cold-stored ‘Huangguan’ pear
Chilling injury (CI) often occurs in ‘Huangguan’ pear (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehd) at low temperature storage, which is characterized by brown spot on the fruit surface. In this study, the ‘Huangguan’ pear fruit was soaked either with salicylic acid (SA) or distilled water (control) and subsequently stored at 0 ℃. The results showed that 5 mM and 10 mM SA treatments significantly reduced the CI index of the fruit compared with the control, but had no significant effect on fruit firmness, soluble solids content (SSC) and titratable acid (TA) content. Further study on the mechanism of CI showed that 5 mM SA treatment increased the content of SA in peel, enhanced the activities of ascorbic acid peroxidase (APX), glutathione reductase (GR) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced the accumulation of phenols in the later stage, decreased the activity of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) before the occurrence of CI, inhibited the expression of PPO1 and PPO5 genes in peel, and significantly down-regulated expression of LOX1 and PLD4, which code for lipoxygenase and phospholipase D, respectively. These results indicated that SA treatment increased the antioxidant capacity of the peel, inhibited the degradation of cell membrane lipids, reduced the appearance of brown spot on the fruit surface and alleviated CI during cold storage in ‘Huangguan’ pear.
Copyright (c) 2019 The Author(s)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
From Volume 92 (2019) on, the content of the journal is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Any user is free to share and adapt (remix, transform, build upon) the content as long as the original publication is attributed (authors, title, year, journal, issue, pages) and any changes are labelled.
The copyright of the published work remains with the authors. If you want to use published content beyond what the CC-BY license permits, please contact the corresponding author, whose contact information can be found on the last page of the respective article. In case you want to reproduce content from older issues (before CC BY applied), please contact the corresponding author to ask for permission.