Haploid and mixoploid cucumber (<em>Cucumis sativus</(em> L.) protoplasts – isolation and fusion
AbstractThis paper reports on the isolation of haploid and mixoploid protoplasts in the genus Cucumis. The cucumber mixoploid plants (C. sativus L., 2x/4x; 2x = 14) were obtained after oryzalin treatments and the mesophyll protoplasts (2x/4x/8x) were isolated and cultivated by well known in vitro methods. The influence of oryzalin pretreatment on the average viability and density of protoplasts was tested. The average viability as well as the density is signifi cantly influenced by the oryzalin concentration, whereas the time-span of the treatment doesn’t have significant impact on the density and the viability. Callus formation was the highest level of regeneration in the experiments described in our study. Furthermore the isolation and cultivation of the cucumber and muskmelon (C. melo L.; 2x = 24) haploid protoplasts from young-stage pollen grains were improved. Subsequently, somatic hybridization between mixoploid cucumber protoplasts and muskmelon mesophyll and callus protoplasts, and kiwano (C. metuliferus E. Meyer ex Naudin; 2x = 24) mesophyll protoplasts, by chemical fusion with polyethylene glycol (PEG) 6000 was performed for the first time. Heterofusants were observed and developed into micro colonies. Additionally, the gametosomatic hybridization between mixoploid cucumber protoplasts and pollen muskmelon protoplasts was performed for the first time. Heterofusants and the first cell division were observed, however, the regeneration stopped in this stage. In conclusion, the different ploidy, especially the mixoploid character of isolated protoplasts, has positive influence on protoplasts isolation and the following fusion as represented by a higher regeneration capacity. In addition, both types of protoplasts, haploid and mixoploid, represent a unique systems for biochemical, molecular and genetic experiments. Especially, the haploid protoplasts could be used during in vitro fertilization.
From Volume 92 (2019) on, the content of the journal is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Any user is free to share and adapt (remix, transform, build upon) the content as long as the original publication is attributed (authors, title, year, journal, issue, pages) and any changes are labelled.
The copyright of the published work remains with the authors. If you want to use published content beyond what the CC-BY license permits, please contact the corresponding author, whose contact information can be found on the last page of the respective article. In case you want to reproduce content from older issues (before CC BY applied), please contact the corresponding author to ask for permission.