Effects of nitrogen and phosphate fertilization on leaf nutrient content, photosynthesis, and growth of the novel bioenergy crop Fallopia sachalinensis cv. ‘Igniscum Candy‘

Laurie Anne Koning, Maik Veste, Dirk Freese, Stefan Lebzien

Abstract


The aim of the study was to determine the effects of nitrogen and phosphate fertilization on the growth performance of the novel bioenergy crop Fallopia sachalliensis cv. ‘Igniscum Candy’ (Polygonaceae). In a controlled pot experiment various nitrogen (0, 50, 150, 300 kg N ha-1) and phosphate (20, 40, 80 kg P ha-1) fertilizer amounts were applied to measure the effect on the biomass, height, leaf area and nitrogen and phosphate use efficiency. Furthermore, ecophysiological processes (chlorophyll content, chlorophyll fluorescence, gas exchange) were measured with non-destructive methods. The application of nitrogen correlated positively with biomass production, while phosphate fertilization did not show a significant effect on plant growth or ecophysiological parameters. The leaf nitrogen contents were significantly correlated with the nitrogen applications, while the leaf phosphate contents did not show a correlation with the P fertilizations, but increased with the leaf nitrogen contents. A significant linear correlation between the measured SPAD values and chlorophyll contents as well as with the leaf nitrogen contents could be determined. Under the influence of the nitrogen fertilization, net photosynthesis increased from 3.7 to 6.6 μmol m-2 s-1. The results of this experiment demonstrated that nitrogen fertilization has an overall positive correlation with leaf nutrient content, photosynthesis, and overall growth of the bioenergy crop Fallopia sachalinensis var. Igniscum Candy.


Keywords


nitrogen efficiency; photosynthesis; biomass; bioenergy crop; biogas

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5073/JABFQ.2015.088.005

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