Composition, environmental stability and potential of genetic improvement of fatty acids of <i>Lupinus angustifolius<i/>
Keywords:fatty acid composition, oil content, narrow-leafed lupin, heritability, variability, environmental stability
In the last decades procedures for obtaining protein isolates and concentrates derived from narrow-leafed lupins (L. angustifolius) for human nutrition have been developed. Since this processes starts with defatting of seeds, lupin oil is obtained in large quantities. Therefore, 50 genotypes of L. angustifolius were analysed regarding the fatty acid (FA) composition of seed oil and the environmental stability of fatty acid contents in order to get information on the application of lupin oil in the food industry. The results revealed an n-3/n-6 poly unsaturated fatty acid ratio of 0.13. Furthermore, the seed oil of L. angustifolius contains rather high amounts of saturated FAs (22%). Significant genotypic differences and a high heritability (h2>85%) for the content of all fatty acids are suggesting that the potential for genetic improvement of fatty acid composition by breeding is given. However, coefficients of variation below 10% for all considered traits point out that a rapid improvement in seed oil quality will be hindered by the narrow genetic base of the breeding material tested.
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