Impact of direct-electric-current on growth and bioactive compounds of African nightshade (Solanum scabrum Mill.) plants

Elisha Otieno Gogo, Susanne Huyskens-Keil, Anja Krimlowski, Christian Ulrichs, Uwe Schmidt, Arnold Opiyo, Dennis Dannehl

Abstract


Production of indigenous African leafy vegetables such as African nightshade (Solanum scabrum Mill.), whose high nutritional and medicinal value is well documented is still limited due to insufficient preharvest techniques. Electric current is known to improve quality in food crops. Therefore, in the present study, the effects of direct-electric-current (DC) on growth and characteristic bioactive and health promoting compounds were evaluated in different morphological sections, i.e., leaves and stems of African nightshade cv. Olevolosi. Six weeks old plants were exposed to different DC applied with a voltage of 8 and 16 V, 10 h/day for 12 days. Non-treated plants served as control. Plant growth, primary and secondary plant compounds were evaluated. Applying DC increased leaf fresh (11.5-14.4%) and dry (12.1-24.2%) weight as well as marketable leaves (29.1-55.3%). Biosynthesis of chlorophylls and carotenoids was enhanced by increased DC. Furthermore, dietary fibre fractions such as hemicellulose was promoted (23.3-45.3%) by DC applications, while cellulose and lignin remained unaffected. Minerals accumulated with increasing DC. Alteration of cell membrane permeability due to DC may enhance physiological processes leading to the improved growth and acceleration of bioactive compounds in African nightshade leaves.


Keywords


African leafy vegetables; direct electric current; bioactive compounds; carotenoids; minerals

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5073/JABFQ.2016.089.007

Copyright (c) 2016 The Author(s)

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