Characteristic amino acids in tea leaves as quality indicator for evaluation of Wuyi Rock Tea in different cultured regions
Characteristic amino acids in Wuyi Rock Tea
Free amino acid compositions in Wuyi Rock Tea leaves from Yu (authentic rock region), Guiyan (semi-authentic rock region) and Qishan (ordinary region) tea plantations were analyzed. Results showed that contents of 18 free amino acids were 1.6-2.0 times higher in Yu and Guiyan than that in Qishan. The theanine contents reached to 17-20 mg g-1 in Yu and Guiyan, while it was less than 10 mg g-1 in Qishan. Hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis were effective in distinguishing Rock Tea from different regions. The ratios of theanine, sweet and umami amino acids were 8%, 5% and 6% higher, respectively in Yu than that in Qishan. Sensory evaluation score were positively correlated with the ratios of theanine, sweet and umami amino acids (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Our results highlight that the favourite characteristic amino acids are dominant contributors to sweet aftertaste of Rock Tea.
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