Manuscript Guideline

Landbauforschung publishes original research articles, which include new scientific findings that have not yet been published in peer-reviewed journals or book chapters. Total word count for the main text should not exceed 6,000 words. In addition, we publish reviews, which should provide a balanced and comprehensive overview of the latest discoveries in a particular field, based on peer-reviewed sources, and should not include new research or data. Total word count of a review should not exceed 9,000 words.

The language of the journal is English. Manuscripts can be submitted in .doc, .docx, .odf or rtf format.  MS Word documents should not be locked or protected. Please make use of line numbering for easier correspondence with the reviewers. Ideally, you use the following Word template for a faster production process:

 Download Word template

Do not use footnotes. Use abbreviations, if the unabbreviated term is long or complex or if it is a commonly used abbreviation. Define abbreviations upon first appearance in the text and in the legends of tables and figures and do not use abbreviation lists. Generally, scientific names of plants and animals should be italicized. Units should be presented using System International (SI) units.

A typical original research article should contain the following parts in that order:

Choose a Title 10 to 12 words long with descriptive terms and phrases that accurately highlight the core content of the paper. Avoid sensationalism and phrasing as a question.

The Abstract should not be longer than 150 words, contain no references and give an accurate summary of the research question, investigation method and key findings.

Select four to eight Keywords that capture the essence of your article. Avoid duplication of words from the article’s title and include methodology-specific terms.

The Introduction should be concise. Introduce the topic, provide scientific background information and cite relevant publications. Limit this part to what is necessary for the reader to understand the topic and clearly state your objective. Do not try to list as much literature as possible. At the end of the introduction, a clear research hypothesis and aim of the study should be given.

Materials and Methods have to be described in a precise manner so that the reader can reproduce the experiments. If biological material was used, clearly state its origin, growing conditions (soil, climate/weather, GPS coordinates, treatments with fertilizer or active substances, …), harvesting procedure and any detail needed for replication or proper comparison of the data. Details on statistical analyses including number of replicates, statistical testing procedures, and, if applicable, methods of randomization, sample pooling and reasons for exclusion of data or subjects from the study, are to be included. If several methods are described, the use of subsections is recommended.

In the Results section the data directly resulting from the experiments should be presented. Figures and tables are inserted immediately after the first paragraph in which they are cited. Do not reiterate data in the text that is already presented in tables.
In addition, figures are uploaded separately with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. If they consist of several partial figures, each partial figure has to have a caption or is tagging with bold upper-case letters and respective descriptions in the figure legend. Figures are cited in the text as Fig. 1 or Figs. 1-3. Figure captions are: Fig. 1. Figure Title. Figure legend with explanatory text.
Tables must be cell-based in MS Word or embedded with MS Excel (do not insert as picture!). Tables are not allowed to contain images or coloured marks. Tables are cited in the text as e. g.: Table 1 or Tables 1 and 2. Table captions have to be created as follows:

Table 1. Table title. Table legend with explanatory text.

a/*Table footnotes are tagged with lower case letters or asterisk

The Discussion may be combined with the results section or presented as separate section. Set your results in context to other studies and evaluate.

Conclusions may be either a separate section or be the end part of the discussion. They should directly relate to the initial research question.

In the Acknowledgement you can name further contributors that are not authors and funding sources, if relevant.

A Conflicts of Interest Statement has to be added. If there are no conflicts of interest, please write the following: "Conflicts of interest statement: The authors declare that they do not have any conflicts of interest."

Data availability (if applicable): Please provide information where your research data underlying the study can be accessed. We encourage authors to make their data publicly available without restrictions. Large data sets may be deposited in an appropriate publiccCross-disciplinary repositories such as Dryad or Zenodoor in a subject-specific repository such as GenBank for sequence information, Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) for taxonomic data or OpenAgrar for all data belonging to research on cultivated plants. Authors who are interested in depositing their data without any costs in OpenAgrar, contact Dr. Ulrike Stahl (

A standard article should contain no more than 40 References. Focus on the most important and relevant literature and data. Only cite literature you have read yourself and could provide a copy of to the editor. Avoid citing of unpublished or irrelevant sources. In-text citations contain the last name of author/s and the year (Author et al., 2018) or (Author & Author, 2020). If the citation contains more than two authors, the second and all following authors are abbreviated as “et al.”. If you refer to more than one reference, citations are sorted in chronological ascending order.

If you use a literature management software, such as EndNote or Citavi, the citation style  can be downloaded (EndNote) or is directly available in the software (Citavi). Note: Currently, the new journal citation style is not yet available in EndNote. We ask EndNote users to use the style of the journal "VITIS" until then. Sources in the reference list should be formatted as follows:

Journal Article

Author, A., Author, B.C., Author, D.E., Year: Title. Periodical’s full name Volume (Issue Number), Page Range, DOI: if available.

Gray, S., De Boer, S., Lorenzen, J., Karasev, A., Whithworth, J., Nolte, P., Sing, R., Boucher, A., Xu, H., 2010: Potato virus Y: An evolving concern for potato crops in the United States and Canada. Plant Disease 94 (12), 1384-1397, DOI: 10.1094/pdis-02-10-0124.

Please don't abbreviate journal names; they have to be spelled in full.


Author, A., Year: Title. Place of Publication, Publisher, DOI: if available or ISBN.

Bustin, S.A., 2004: A-Z of quantitative PCR. California, USA, International University Line, DOI: 10.xxxx/

Contribution: Conference Proceedings

Author, A., Author, B.,  Author, C., Year: Title. In: Editor A. (ed.). Conference Name, Conference Date, Conference Location, Series Title if available Volume, Page Range, DOI: if available.

Beckie, H.J., 2022: Herbicide resistance: Can German researchers and farmers learn from experiences in Australia and North America?. In Ulber, L., Rissel, D. (eds.). 30th German Conference on Weed Biology and Weed Control, 22-24 February 2022, Julius Kühn Institute, Braunschweig, Germany, online, Julius-Kühn-Archiv 468, 14-17, DOI: 10.5073/20220117-140938.

Report/Grey Literature

Author, A., Author, B., Author, C., Year: Title. Place of Publication, Publisher, Number of Pages pp., DOI: if available or ISBN.

IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014 Synthesis Report: Summary for Policymakers. Geneva, Switzerland, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), 32 pp., DOI: 10.xxxx/

Internet Document

Author, A., Year: Title. URL: URL. Access: Access Date.

James, C., 2013: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2013, ISAAA Brief No. 46. URL: Access: 28 February 2016.


Author, A., Year: Title [data set]. Distributor, DOI: DOI, version: version if available.

Oliveira, I., Pinto, T., Faria, M., Bacelar, E., Ferreira, H., Correira, C., Goncalves, B., 2017: Correlations between morphological and biochemical characteristics of five common medicinal and aromatic plants [data set]. OpenAgrar Repository, DOI: 10.5073/openagrar.2017.000001, version: 1.